Tree and Shrub List for Armenia

Partial List of Trees and Shrubs for Armenia

After the massive tree-cutting period of the early 1990s, caused by the economic blockade and the energy crisis, there was much discussion about deforestation in Armenia. During that period people were cutting trees everywhere and removing anything wooden to burn for heat!
Tree planting is the best action to take in order to mitigate deforestation and tree removal. However care must be taken not to unwittingly harm the environment. One may ask how is it possible to harm the environment by planting trees?

There are many non-Armenian tree species (non-native species), which are invasive and can aggressively occupy an area by crowding out and eventually replacing native, indigenous species of trees. Unfortunately, in Armenia, after the massive tree-cutting period of the early 1990s the planting of invasive species became a common practice, mostly due to lack of awareness of the ecological detriment that planting of invasive species can cause.

Below is a partial list of trees and shrubs which are growing in Armenia. We generally recommend planting only species that are labeled as ‘native’. Any species labeled ‘invasive’ should never be planted and actually should be removed whenever possible. These invasive species have a particular ability to produce thousands and thousands of seeds that can germinate, grow and eventually shade out native species.

There are other ecological reasons for planting only native species of plants having to do with the interactions of insects and wildlife with the plant species.

Scientific Name

Common Name

Native Habitat

Native?

Notes

Acer negundo
boxelder
USA, southern Canada
non-native
invasive
Acer platanoides
Norway maple
Europe
   
Acer pseudoplatanus
Planetree maple, Sycamore maple
Europe, western Asia (cultivated for centuries)
   
Acer tataricum
Tatarian maple
southeast Europe, western Asia
   
Acer trautvetteri
Caucasian maple
Caucasia, northern Turkey
native
 
Aesculus hippocastanum
Horsechestnut
Greece, Albania
non-native
 
Ailanthus altissima
tree of Heaven
China
non-native
extremely invasive
Albizia julibrissin
mimosa, silk tree
Iran to central China
non-native
 
Amygdalus communis
almond
Middle East
   
(Prunus dulcis)
       
Armeniaca vulgaris
apricot
Armenia
native
 
(Prunus armeniaca)
       
Betula pendula
       
         
Betula litwinowii
   
native
 
Biota orientalis
Oriental arborvitae
Korea, Manchuria, northern China
non-native
 
(Thuja orientalis)
       
Buddleia davidi
butterfly-bush
China, Japan
non-native
 
Buxus sempervirens
boxwood
southern Europe, northern Africa, western Asia
   
Caragana arborescens
Siberian peashrub
Siberia, Mongolia
   
Carpinus caucasica
Caucasian hornbeam
Europe, Caucasus
native
 
Catalpa bignonioides
catalpa
southern USA
non-native
 
Cercis siliquastrum
Judas tree
southern Europe, western Asia
non-native
 
Cornus sanguinea
European dogwood
Europe, western Asia
native
 
Cotoneaster horizontalis
rock cotoneaster
western China
non-native
 
Cydonia oblonga
quince
Caucasus
native
 
Elaeagnus angustifolia
Russian-olive
southern Europe, central Asia, 
Altai , Himalayas
native
 
Fagus orientalis
oriental beech
northwest Turkey, Caucasus, Iran
native
 
Forsythia suspensa
weeping forsythia
China
non-native
 
Fraxinus excelsior
European ash
Europe, southwestern Asia
native
 
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
green ash
USA, Canada
non-native
 
Gleditsia triachanthos
honeylocust
USA
non-native
 
Hippophae rhamnoides
seabuckthorn
Europe to China
native
 
Hibiscus syriacus
rose-of-sharon
India, China
non-native
 
Jasminum fruticans
wild jasmine
Mediterranean, Asia Minor
native
 
Junglans regia
English walnut
southeastern Europe to China
native
 
Juniperus virginiana
eastern redcedar
east and central North America
non-native
 
Koelreuteria paniculata
goldenrain tree
China, Korea, Japan
non-native
 
Ligustrum vulgare
European privet
Europe, northern Africa, southwestern Asia
native
 
Lonicera maackii
Amur honeysuckle
Manchuria, Korea
non-native
invasive
Maclura pomifera
osage orange
USA
non-native
 
Malus domestica
apple
western Asia
naturalized
naturalized nearly everywhere in the world
         
Malus orientalis
   
native
 
Melia azedarach
Chinaberry
India to China
non-native
 
Morus alba
white mulberry
China
naturalized
 
Paulownia tomentosa
empress tree
China
non-native
 
Picea orientalis
Oriental spruce
Caucasus, Asia Minor
   
Pinus brutia
Turkish pine
west of Caspian Sea to Greece
   
Pinus eldarica
Afghan pine
?Caucasus, Russia, Afghanistan, Pakistan
   
         
(Pinus brutia)
       
Pinus halepensis
Aleppo pine, Jerusalem pine
Europe
non-native
 
Pinus nigra
European black pine, Austrian pine
Europe, Balkans, Crimea
non-native
 
P. n. subsp.pallasiana
European black pine
Europe to Turkey
non-native
 
Pinus pinea
stone pine
Europe, Mediterranean
non-native
 
Pinus ponderosa
ponderosa pine
western North America
non-native
 
Pistacia mutica
pistachio
Caucasus
native
 
(P.atlantica var. mutica)
       
Pistacia vera
common pistachio
western Asia
non-native
 
Platanus orientalis
Oriental planetree
southeastern Europe, western Asia
native
 
Populus alba
white poplar
southern Europe to central Asia
native
 
Prunus armeniaca
apricot
Asia
considered native
 
Prunus avium
sweet cherry
Europe, western Asia
native
 
Prunus cerasifera
cherry plum, myrobalan plum
Europe, Caucasus, western Asia
non-native
 
(Prunus mirobalan)
       
Prunus cerasus
sour cherry
Europe, southwest Asia
non-native
 
Prunus domestica
common plum
Europe, southwest Asia
non-native
 
Prunus mahaleb
rock cherry
central Europe to central Asia
native
 
Prunus persica
peach
China
non-native
 
Prunus tomentosa
Nanking Cherry
China to Japan
non-native
 
Punica granatum
pomegranate
Caucasus
native
 
Pyrus communis
European pear
Europe, western Asia
non-native
 
Pyrus caucasica
Caucasian pear
Europe, western Asia
native
 
( P. communis subsp. caucasica)
       
Pyrus demetrii
pear
Caucasus
native (globally threatened endemic species)
 
Pyrus salicifolia
willowleaf pear
southeastern Europe, western Asia
native
 
Quercus castaneifolia
chestnut-leaved oak
Caucasus, Iran
   
Quercus macranthera
Caucasian oak
Caucasus, western Asia
   
Quercus pontica
Armenian oak
Caucasus, northeastern Turkey
   
Quercus robur
english oak
Europe, Caucasus, Asia minor
non-native
 
Ribes aureum
buffalo currant
North America
non-native
 
Ribes nigrum
black currant
northern Europe, northern Asia
non-native
 
Robinia pseudoacacia
black locust
USA
non-native
 
         
Rosa sp.
   
native
 
Salix babylonica
Babylon weeping willow
Asia
non-native
 
Sambucus nigra
elderberry
Europe, northwest Africa, southwest Asia, western North America
native
 
Sophora Japonica
pagoda tree
China, Korea
non-native
 
Sorbus aucuparia
mountain ash
Europe, western Asia
native
 
Spiraea x vanhouttei
   
non-native
 
Symphoricarpos albus
Snowberry
USA, Canada
non-native
 
Tamarix araratica
Salt-cedar
 
native
 
Taxus baccata
English yew
Europe, northern Africa, western Asia
native
 
Thuja occidentalis
American arborvitae
eastern USA, eastern Canada
non-native
 
Ulmus laevis
European white elm
Europe to Asia
native
 
Weigelia florida
old fashioned weigela
Japan
non-native
 
Ziziphus jujube
Chinese date
southeastern Europe to Asia
native